Edward was born at the palace of westminster on the night of 17 18 june 1239 to king henry iii and eleanor of provence edward is an anglo saxon name and was not commonly given among the aristocracy of england after the norman conquest but henry was devoted to the veneration of edward the confessor and decided to name his firstborn son after the saint. Edward was in many ways the ideal medieval king he went through a difficult apprenticeship was a good fighter and was a man who enjoyed both war and statecraft his crusading reputation gave him prestige and his chivalric qualities were admired although shrewdly realistic edward understood . Edward i 1272 1307 early years often considered the greatest of the plantagenets edward i was born on the evening of 17th june 1239 at westminster palace the first born child of henry iii and eleanor of provencehe was named edward in honour of his fathers favourite saint the saxon king edward the confessor. Edward was born in june 1239 at westminster the son of henry iii in 1254 he married eleanor of castile edwards early adulthood took place against a backdrop of civil strife between his father . Key facts about king edward i longshanks who was born june 17 1239 reigned 1272 1307 including biography historical timeline and links to the british royal family tree
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